Utilization of Rats Purun (Eleochalists of Dulcis) and Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassipes) to Reduce Mercury Level (Hg) With Phytoremediation Method
Metal mercury (Hg), has the chemical name hydragyrum which means liquid. Mercury metal is represented by Hg. In the periodic chemical elements Hg rank (NA) 80 and have atomic weights (BA 200,59). Rat Purun (Eleocharis dulcis) and water hyacinth (Eichhorniacrassipes) are plants that are widely found in tidal swamp land. Both plants can be used as organic fertilizer, biofilter, and absorb toxic elements such as heavy metals Lead (Pb), Iron (Fe), Mercury (Hg), Sulphate (SO4). This study aims to determine the ability of rat purun plants (Eleochalisdulcis) and water hyacinth (Eichhorniacrassipes) in reducing mercury (Hg) levels in water and to determine the effectiveness of rat purun plants (Eleochalisdulcis) and water hyacinth (Eichhorniacrassipes) in absorbing mercury Hg. Sample analysis was carried out at the Bandar Lampung Standardization Research Center.The results obtained by rat purun plants (Eleochalisdulcis) can reduce mercury levels (Hg). The effectiveness of reducing heavy metal mercury (Hg) is 97.88%. Water hyacinth plants (Eichhorniacrassipes) have effectiveness in reducing heavy metals mercury (Hg) which is equal to 96.66%.