A Spatial Model for Tep and Fes Locations as the Concept of Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in Pariaman City - Indonesia

  • Dedi Hermon Department of Geography, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Aprizon Putra Doctoral Program of Environmental Science, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Erianjoni Erianjoni Department of Sociology, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia.
  • Olivia Oktorie Doctoral Program of Environmental Science, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
Keywords: Disasters, Tsunamis, TEP/FES, GIS, Pariaman

Abstract

Natural disasters are natural events that are caused by natural processes, both those that occur by nature itself and those preceded by human actions, which pose dangers and risks to human life, both property and soul. Characteristics of natural disasters are determined by climate Environments such as climate, topography, geology, soil, air, land use and human activities. Natural disasters can occur at any time and anywhere, except in areas that are the administrative and financial centres of the region in terms of mitigation and financial risks that occur - it can be done while a temporary evacuation place (TEP), final evacuation site (FES) and evacuation routes in tsunami-prone zones in Pariaman City In general, using the Papathoma Method. The scaled-up aspects are then given a certain loading based on a multi-criteria analysis of Pariaman City Tsunami prone areas. (low, medium and high) using 122 tsunami evacuation routes and then to TEA where Syech Burhanuddin road is the longest horizontal evacuation route in Pariaman City with a length of 4833 meters. While the existing building (TEP) sailing (existing) sailed 40 units that have been approved using PTVA Method with good category TEP worthy of 29 building units, medium category of 8 building units, and worse category (not feasible) of 4 building units and in Pariaman City itself, disaster preparedness is fairly good with the availability of tsunami evacuation road signs and maps to TEP and FES locations.

Published
2020-06-06
How to Cite
Hermon, D., Putra, A., Erianjoni, E., & Oktorie, O. (2020). A Spatial Model for Tep and Fes Locations as the Concept of Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in Pariaman City - Indonesia. Science and Environmental Journal for Postgraduate, 2(2), 71-81. https://doi.org/10.24036/senjop.v2i2.85

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